The IKEA story begins in 1926

IKEA history – how it all began

The following history shows how IKEA, over six decades, travelled from the little woods of southern Sweden to becoming a major retail experience in 40 countries around the world.

The IKEA story started in 1926 when founder Ingvar Kamprad was born in Småland in southern Sweden. He was raised on ‘Elmtaryd’, a farm near the small village of Agunnaryd. Even as a young boy Ingvar knew he wanted to develop a business.
 

1920

Ingvar Kamprad

At the age of five Ingvar Kamprad started selling matches to his neighbours. By the time he was seven, he started selling further afield with his bicycle. He found that he could buy matches in bulk cheaply in Stockholm, sell them individually at a very low price and yet make a good profit. From matches he expanded to selling flower seeds, greeting cards, Christmas tree decorations, and later pencils and ball-point pens.

1943

IKEA is founded by Ingvar Kamprad

When Ingvar Kamprad turned 17, his father gave him money as a reward for succeeding in his studies. He used it to establish his own business. The name IKEA is formed from the founder’s initials (I.K.) plus the first letters of Elmtaryd (E) and Agunnaryd (A), the farm and village where he grew up. IKEA originally sold pens, wallets, picture frames, table runners, watches, jewellery and nylon stockings – meeting people’s needs with products at reduced prices.

1945

The first IKEA advertisements appear

Ingvar Kamprad’s business outgrew his ability to make individual sales calls, so he began advertising in local newspapers and operating a makeshift mail-order service. He used the local milk van to deliver products to the nearby train station.

1951

The first IKEA catalogue is published

Ingvar Kamprad saw the opportunity to sell furniture on a larger scale using a catalogue. The IKEA catalogue that we know today was born.

1956

Designing furniture for flat packs and self-assembly

IKEA’s decision to design its own furniture stemmed, ironically, from competitors’ pressure for suppliers to boycott IKEA. Exploration of flat packaging began when one of the first IKEA co-workers removed the legs of the LÖVET table so it would fit into a car and avoid damage during transit. After this discovery, flat packs and self-assembly become part of the IKEA concept.

1965

Largest IKEA store opens in Stockholm, Sweden

Thousands of people queued for the opening of the 31,000 square metres flagship store, IKEA Kungens Kurva. The store had a circular design, inspired by New York’s Guggenheim Museum. The store’s success led to the opening of a self-serve warehouse – an important part of the IKEA concept was born. Additionally, Accenten was opened, where customers bought quality cooking items at a low price.

1976

POEM is launched (later known as POÄNG)

Another IKEA classic was born, the comfortable armchair POEM made of laminated wood, which later evolved into POÄNG.
IKEA first introduced the iconic POÄNG armchair forty years ago. Yet this icon of Scandinavian design was actually the creation of Japanese designer Noboru Nakamura. Mr Nakamura graduated from industrial high school in Sapporo back in 1931 and has worked both as designer and furniture manufacturer.

1978

BILLY bookcase is born

The BILLY bookcase was introduced into the range – an IKEA classic.

1979

KLIPPAN sofa – another IKEA classic

The KLIPPAN evolved into a sofa tough enough to stand up to the kind of punishment only children know how to dish out, yet soft enough to fall asleep on during long bedtime stories. The entire cover was designed to be removable for machine washing.

1980

1980s – IKEA expands to USA, Italy, France and UK

IKEA expanded dramatically into new markets such as the USA, Italy, France and the UK. More IKEA classics arrive such as LACK and MOMENT. IKEA began to transform into the modern IKEA we know today.

1984

IKEA FAMILY is launched

IKEA FAMILY, the new customer loyalty club, was launched. Today, IKEA FAMILY is active across 16 countries (over 167 stores) and has about 15 million members.

STOCKHOLM Range Appears

IKEA designed a series of high-quality furnishings using some well-loved materials – birch wood, leather and cretonne. The range had everything you would expect of high-quality classics except the high price tag. Today, STOCKHOLM is a winner of the Excellent Swedish Design award.

1990

The first environmental policy at IKEA

The IKEA Group developed an environmental policy to ensure that the company and its co-workers took environmental responsibility for all activities conducted within its business.

1993

IKEA and FSC

The IKEA Group became a member of the global forest certification organisation Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

1997

IKEA on the web

The IKEA website was launched. Customers were able to browse thousands of home inspirations before setting foot into the store.

IKEA 365+ for all the days of the year

The IKEA 365+ range was launched – a range of functional and smart everyday products for preparing, cooking, serving and eating food. The products were designed to make kitchen work easier and more enjoyable, while bringing a little beauty into everyday life with their form and colours.

1999

The Big Thank You event

The unique Big Thank You event on 9 October 1999 was a millennium reward for the many co-workers within the IKEA Group. The sum total of all sales on this special day, about EUR 84.85 million, was divided among all co-workers worldwide. It was a great way to thank hard-working IKEA co-workers for contributing to the company’s ongoing success.

2000

Child rights project in India

The IKEA Group, in co-operation with UNICEF, initiated a broad community programme in northern India to address the root causes of child labour. The project included 500 villages and benefited more than one million people by providing more than 80,000 children with the opportunity to gain education. Presently, the project covers a range of initiatives, such as providing alternative learning centres, health and nutrition, education, empowering women and forming women’s self-help groups.

IKEA customers can shop online

E-shopping was launched in Sweden and Denmark. Since then, many other markets have started offering online shopping at IKEA.

2003

Soft toys for education campaign launched

More than 12 million children in Africa, Asia and Europe have had access to better schools, teachers and learning materials, following a successful 13-year partnership between the IKEA Foundation, Save the Children and UNICEF. Thanks to the support of IKEA co-workers and customers, IKEA donated EUR 88 million towards children’s educational projects.

2006

IKEA Food is launched

IKEA launched its own food labels covering about 30 percent of the 150 products in its food range. The range introduced high-quality food products based on Swedish recipes and traditions, at low prices. The products have an IKEA label, are sold in the Swedish Food Market area in IKEA stores and are also served in the IKEA Restaurant & Café.

2007

IKEA and WWF Co-operation on climate change

The IKEA Group and WWF started co-operating on projects aimed at reducing emissions of greenhouse gases generated by IKEA operations. The agreement emphasised on improving energy efficiency, using renewable energy at IKEA suppliers, and developing sustainable customer transportation to and from IKEA stores.